AIKONA Ltd. Your partner for fuels of the future

Our company has been established to hold and maintain the patent rights arising from the European patent No. EP 2129 746 protecting the invented principle for production of aliphatic hydrocarbons by catalytic deoxidation . This patent has been subject to global search for patentability for absolute acknowledgement to confirm the patentability and novelty, together with industrial usability of this invention. The principle of hydrocarbon fuels production using renewable resources lies mainly in removal of oxygen from the molecule of this matter. The patent has been currently validated in 32 European countries, ready for commencement of its large-scale industrial application.


  • This patent is therefore held by AIKONA LTD as the only entity eligible for further negotiations with potential partners. The European patent represents the product of several years of work conducted by a group of experts, research and development personnel, experts on legislation and the European law, who constitute the background for the existing and future operations.
  • The activity and experience of the group concerned with this intellectual property date back to the year 1991, marked with the launch of business operations in the field of distribution and subsequent production of motor fuels and lubricants with performance of associated operations - especially production and distribution of fuels from renewable resources. The past achievements include, for example, the following results of research and development.
  • Production of fuels and lubricants using our own formulas 
    • private label motor oils
    • special additives for motor fuels,
    • special fuel mixtures - 102 octane petrol, diesel - 35 degrees C, other custom mixtures of fuels and lubricants
    • private formula for biodiesel mixture - protected with patent, trademark - biological degradability of 90% / 21 days
  • Construction of own in-house production facilities
    • MERO production plant in Slovakofarma Hlohovec - output of 30,000 t/year - our own technology
    • technology for processing of glycerin phase – output of 10,000 t/year, together with production of concentrated fertilizer K2HPO4, experiment - isolation of phytosterols
    • production of MERO from fatty acids - own re-esterification technology  

Testing and Proofing with Small Pilot Facilities During the Patent Proceedings

  • Testing and demonstrations - the period of patent proceedings was paralleled by several tests using pilot facilities with the decomposition rate of 1kg /5 s.
  • The results were analysed in cooperation with MND a.s. (J.S.C.) and ITC Zlín a.s. (J.S.C.).
  • The analyses covered both the gaseous and liquid states. The entire development process, including testing, was run in a highly confidential regime for sake of personal and project safety until the patent was awarded. There was a fairly long period of uncertainty with respect to paten protection - the patent was awarded 9 years later only. Despite the long period, there were no objections in point of fact presented against the patent wording. That was one of the reasons for few verification tests conducted, while further testing was suspended.
  • However, the outcome produced by testing has confirmed our belief showing this method can be employed for safe and prompt production of hydrocarbons in a single-step process according to our patent. The analyses completed show the hydrocarbons produced very similar to petroleum hydrocarbons as their technical parameters and physical characteristics are concerned.
  • Biofuels generation II - the results obtained actually show these hydrocarbons can be considered the 2nd generation of biofuels - produced by the so called refinery process.
  • The gas fraction is comparable with propane-butane with respect to its calorific capacity.
  • The petrol and diesel fractions develop with regard to the raw material used. The gas GC/FID analysis shows them as very similar to mineral oils. (see Fig.)

Brief Introduction to the Method for Production of Hydrocarbons from Natural Raw Materials Protected by Our Patent

  • This principle stems from deoxidation of natural raw materials or any mixtures thereof based on fatty acids, alcohols, saccharides or fats.
  • The reaction is triggered by powerful electromagnetic and IF radiation acting on the raw material in process. The raw materials constitutes a mixture of the basic raw material and the deoxidising agent, approved and inserted into the reactor. Radiation forces the initial chemical structures of substances to break and resultant radical reaction provides for mutual re-combining of individual radicals within the reaction space to form a new chemical structure of the final substance. That leads to production of pure hydrocarbons C1 -C 25. There may be also oxygen compounds in forms of alcohols, aldehydes and ketones, some of them ending up in the petrol fraction.
  • The reaction takes place in a single step, very fast and under normal pressure and temperature. The result of this reaction can be affected by the period of radicals in the reaction space. This is the tool for controlling of the final composition of hydrocarbon at the output from the production plant. • Rw materials fit for use - fatty acids, alcohols, saccharides, lipides and their intermixtures.                  
  • Deoxidising agent - heavy petroleum fraction, (distillation residue from petroleum), mineral oils, - natural oils , melted natural fats and their intermixtures.
  • Output product/s 
    • The hydrocarbons produced are mainly mixtures of petrol and diesel fractions and these require further processing. - They are not chemically pure or identical - their raw material is the same.
    • Products are primarily defined by the boiling point level, followed by chemical composition serving merely for reference.
  • Subsequent enrichment of products - these are mostly included in the mixture, with potential further rectification to get the final product.

Comparison of Existing Technologies for Production of Bioelements Comparison of the production issues with the same price of input raw material - rapeseed oil.

MERO - (Methyl Ester of Rapeseed Oil)

  • Production process - oil + methanol + KOH, NaOH.
  • MERO is produced without replacement of oxygen - it only changes bonds within the chemical structure of the input raw material.
  • MERO undergoes further drying or even distillation sometimes. The density of MERO is 880kg/1000l.
  • It is mostly made fom rapeseed oil - MERO made from a different oil would suffer due to its physical properties in cold state.
  • The rapeseed oil is expensive - and its price is vastly dependent on the price of extrusions making ⅔ of the rape seeds price.
  • Production of MERO - creates a fairly large quantity of secondary raw material- raw glycerin - where its subsequent processing cost also affects the price of MERO.
  • Identification of MERO - it is a fairly pure chemical character, clearly detectable by means of regular laboratory equipment.
  • The production will stagnate - stipulations of EU Directives No. 28 and 30 from the year 2009 also relate to limitations of MERO production and control of the rape fields intended for such purposes.

DNS (Deoxidation Natural Substances) - hydrocarbons produced according to this patent

  • A mixture of hydrocarbons can be made from basically anything listed in the patent description. The production process itself is fast, safe and cost effective.
  • Production procedure -
  • This production process removes 100% of oxygen from the initial material structure and bound to the deoxidising agent to form compounds - alcohols, aldehydes, ketones - which do not have to make any interference in petrol fractions.
  • The process runs under normal pressure and temperature - temperature inside the reactor 300 - 400 degrees Celsius, the pressure is exerted solely by gas produced from the liquid - during the reaction. 
  • The hydrocarbons produced are deoxidised, yet their double bonds are not broken and chain lengths are also preserved. The density of such mixture is 800 kg/1000 l.
  • When mixed into mineral fuel, the product can be still recognised and its volume is still measurable.
  • These products are not so precise and chemically pure but qualify as fuels.
  • It is cheaper than the products known so far - with respect to both the production cost and mainly thanks to cheaper raw materials with the same final effect.
  • Petroleum distillation residue can be used as the deoxidising agent - following production, its strike price will be at the level of petrol and diesel prices.
  • The reactor able to operate at the decomposition rate of approx. 6 kg /s - the most essential feature of the production line - the remaining components of the plant are not that difficult to build .

The only way to satisfy the requirements defined by Directives EU 2009/28 and EU 2009/30 is to deploy our technology to a massive scale, so that the min. 10% share of biofuel in mineral fuels can be achieved by the year 2020. It is still awaiting its industrial application and further development.

Current Overview of EP 2129746 and Potential Progress in the Forthcoming Period

  • The facts above imply that there are basically 3 technologies for production of biofuels from renewable resources at this stage
    • Production of MERO, FAME - represent 100% of the total production of biofuels - that is 4.7 % (13.6 million tonnes). This capacity will remain capped.        
    • Production of HVO - still at its beginning stage - the most recent information refers to the planned annual capacity of approx. 3 million tonnes
    • Production of DNS per EP 2129746 - not in progress yet. That is mainly due to the fact that its research was funded from private resources only, with no government subsidy whatsoever. Unlike the HVO - where the applied research and trial operations were funded with EUR 40 million per year over a 4-year period - i.e. the total of EUR 160 million guaranteed by the German government. (Source: public information resources) Yet it is still able, being truly simple, cheap and operated safely, to undergo prompt launch in a massive scale - especially in cooperation with oil refineries.
  • Directives (EU) No. 2009/28 and 2009/30 require, for the period until 2020, the share of biofuels in mineral fuel to reach at least 10%. Judging by the current prospective, there are still 12.4 million tonnes per year missing. This condition is projected in the failure to comply with the individual and strict annual indicators of emissions etc.
  • It is time that the company AIKONA LTD starts with intense negotiations regarding potential cooperation or even direct linkage with the oil industry to enhance mutual cooperation for installation and testing of this technology - preferably right inside refineries. That is the fastest, best cost-effective and the most suitable method by far to begin with practical utilisation of our technology. Establishment of such platform then requires cooperation based on partnership between the provider (AIKONA LTD) and the business partner (refinery) as follows:
  • AIKONA LTD (provider) - grants the business partner rights to its existing know-how obtained through the operating tests, ensures compliance with all the legal standards relevant to the production process and procures the initial quantity of raw materials needed, providing further collaboration in commissioning of individual production plants further on
  • Refinery (business partner) - provides the premises and funds required for construction of the plant and ensures sales through its own production output. This production line will bring another benefit to the business partner thanks to sales of heavy petroleum fractions - sold at the price of light motor fuels.
  • The sole production technology has been described in detail within the wording of our European patent No. EP 2129746 and the whole technology is basically simple, with no special local installation requirements. For sake of production safety and protection of human resources, there are no special measures required.
  • When installing this production plant as an accessory - to an oil refinery, the operator saves the complicated handling of the deoxidising agent as well as further handling of the biofuel - especially its transfers to bonded warehouses and its subsequent blending into mineral fuels.
  • As far as the legal standards focusing on customs and revenue issues is concerned, the whole process of biofuel production will remain under control without any option to commit any offence related to customs or tax matters.